As a general rule, a confession made by an accused before a police officer is not admissible in evidence. However, such confession made before a police officer can be used as an admission in civil proceedings under section 18 and 21 of the Indian Evidence Act 1872.
Again such confession is validly admissible only if it has been recorded in the words of the accused. Reply to the Charges by the accused that he admits the charge is a statement which is not admissible in evidence in civil proceedings under section 18 of the Act which says that every admission made by an accused is not a confession. Every statement, oral or documentary, which suggests any inference as to any fact in issue or relevant fact made by an accused person is an admission under sections 17 and 18 of the Act.